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=== Betrachtungen über Finanzmärkte ===  
 
=== Betrachtungen über Finanzmärkte ===  
* Cetina, Karin Knorr: [http://kops.ub.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/handle/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-opus-81163/Traders_engagement.pdf?sequence=1 Traders’ Engagement with Markets: A Postsocial Relationship]
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* Karin Knorr Cetina: [http://ceas.iscte.pt/ethnografeast/Karin%2520Knorr-Cetina/Global%2520Microstructures%2520AJS%2520PDF%2520publ%2520version.pdf Global Microstructures: The Virtual Societies of Financial Markets] (Jan, 2002)
** "the ways in which information flows and trading transactions aggregate within technological environments to form complex wholes that are perceived as lifeforms in their
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** Roger Luethi: [https://www.uzh.ch/iou/orga/ssl-dir/wiki/uploads/Main/Comment_Knorr.pdf Thoughts on "Global Microstructures: The Virtual Societies of Financial Markets" and "From pipes to scopes"] (Dec,2006)
own right by participants"
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*** "This virtual society is not about information sharing at all – quite the opposite, in fact. It is about exploiting the remaining information asymmetries."
 +
*** "[Traders] report to a supervisor, not investors. They are not shaping the business, the business is shaping them. I would suggest a more fitting label is “hired guns” [...] a neutral term for highly skilled, highly mobile professionals who are also found among lawyers and computer programmers"
 +
*** "The authors claim that other fields do not meet their criteria [...] Many Wikipedia editors watch the same stream of recent changes exactly like traders watch the same news feeds."
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* Karin Knorr Cetina, Urs Bruegger: [http://kops.ub.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/handle/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-opus-81163/Traders_engagement.pdf?sequence=1 Traders’ Engagement with Markets: A Postsocial Relationship] (Dec, 2002)
 +
** "the ways in which information flows and trading transactions aggregate within technological environments to form complex wholes that are perceived as lifeforms in their own right by participants"
 
** "a global market entirely exteriorized and embodied on computer screens"
 
** "a global market entirely exteriorized and embodied on computer screens"
 
** "As collective disembodied systems generated entirely in a symbolic space, these markets epitomize contemporary high technology professional culture."
 
** "As collective disembodied systems generated entirely in a symbolic space, these markets epitomize contemporary high technology professional culture."
  
 
== Kommentare ==
 
== Kommentare ==
* Alain Badiou: [http://kasamaproject.org/2008/11/01/badiou-financial-crisis-spectacle-and-corresponding-realities/ What is the Reality to Which this Crisis is Specatacle?] ([http://www.lemonde.fr/opinions/article/2008/10/17/de-quel-reel-cette-crise-est-elle-le-spectacle-par-alain-badiou_1108118_3232.html Französische Version @Le Monde], [https://www.taz.de/!25704/ Deutsche Version @TAZ]) (Oct 2008)
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* Alain Badiou: [http://kasamaproject.org/2008/11/01/badiou-financial-crisis-spectacle-and-corresponding-realities/ What is the Reality to Which this Crisis is Spectacle?] ([http://www.lemonde.fr/opinions/article/2008/10/17/de-quel-reel-cette-crise-est-elle-le-spectacle-par-alain-badiou_1108118_3232.html Französische Version @Le Monde], [https://www.taz.de/!25704/ Deutsche Version @TAZ]) (Oct 2008)
 
* Mario Tronti: [http://conjunctural.blogspot.ch/2008/10/old-guard-on-new-crisis-pt-2-mario.html Politics at Work] (Oct 2008)
 
* Mario Tronti: [http://conjunctural.blogspot.ch/2008/10/old-guard-on-new-crisis-pt-2-mario.html Politics at Work] (Oct 2008)
 
* Jürgen Habermas: [http://habermas-rawls.blogspot.ch/2011/10/new-book-by-habermas-zur-verfassung.html Zur Verfassung Europas. Ein Essay.] (Nov 2011)
 
* Jürgen Habermas: [http://habermas-rawls.blogspot.ch/2011/10/new-book-by-habermas-zur-verfassung.html Zur Verfassung Europas. Ein Essay.] (Nov 2011)
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** Natacha Postel-Vinay: [http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/lsereviewofbooks/2012/08/01/book-review-the-crisis-of-the-european-union-habermas/ Review] (Aug 2012)
 
** Natacha Postel-Vinay: [http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/lsereviewofbooks/2012/08/01/book-review-the-crisis-of-the-european-union-habermas/ Review] (Aug 2012)
 
** Scott McLemee: [http://www.insidehighered.com/views/2012/08/22/review-jurgen-habermas-crisis-european-union Review] (Aug 2012)
 
** Scott McLemee: [http://www.insidehighered.com/views/2012/08/22/review-jurgen-habermas-crisis-european-union Review] (Aug 2012)
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=== Kommentare zum (Finanz)Markt ===
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* Nassim Talab: [http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2007/may/12/society The Black Swan - The Impact of the Highly Improbable] (Apr, 2007)
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** Review im [http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2007/may/12/society Guardian] (May, 2007)
 +
** Ansgar Siemens (Fokus.de): [https://www.focus.de/finanzen/boerse/finanzkrise/finanzkrise-sind-banker-scharlatane_aid_365433.html Finanzkrise - Sind Banker Scharlatane?] ("Der Mensch werde immer nach Modellen verlangen") (Jan, 2009)
 +
** Elie Ayach: The Bla'''n'''k Swan - [http://www.ito33.com/sites/default/files/articles/1011_ayache_0.pdf The End of Probability] (May, 2010)
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** "[T]rue events ''create'' the possibilities that will have led to them. It is out of the question to apply probability to those events, or even to say that their probability was zero, because probability is only defined relative to a stable and well-defined universe of possibilities." (AK: and same for any ''definition'' of events)
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** Comment in the blog [http://www.simoleonsense.com/elie-ayache-the-end-of-probability/ SimoleonSense]: "Badiou is the main philosopher of the event who formalized, more than 20 years ago, all that Taleb is trying to say about Black Swans. At no point does Badiou mention probability." (Nov, 2010)

Aktuelle Version vom 11. Dezember 2012, 23:29 Uhr

Geld und Krise

Geld ist ein Zahlungsmittel, eine Recheneinheit und ein Wertspeicher. Oft spricht man von einer unüberschaubaren Komplexität der Finanzprodukte. Mancherorts führt die Rede von Unübersichtlichkeit dazu, Sachurteile zu überspringen und unmittelbar zu Werturteilen überzugehen: Man soll den Sozialstaat runterfahren, die Gehälter von Banker kürzen, keine riskanten Kredite vergeben und eine Finanztransaktionssteuer einführen. Wie verifiziert man die Haltbarkeit dieser Forderungen wenn es wahr ist, dass die Dynamik von Finanzprodukten nicht zu überschauen ist? Ist es wahr, dass die Welt zu kompliziert für uns geworden ist? Und wenn ja: was bedeutet das für eine demokratische Gesellschaft?

Die Aufgabe lautet, die Ereignisse rund um "die Krise" ab etwa 2007 einzuordnen, d.h. Zu- und Umstände zu beschreiben, in denen eine Immobilienkrise in den USA, die Pleite einer Investmentbank und die Verschuldung europäischer Staaten zusammengenommen wird. Man nennt den Zustand "Finanz-, Banken-, Wirtschafts-, oder Euro(pa)krise" oder einfach nur "die Krise". Dass es eine Krise gibt, ist momentan im öffentlichen Gedächtnis verankert und unbestritten. Sie wäre der Grund zur Erklärung verschiedener Dynamiken und Massnahmen, die nun notwendig wären. Das ist abstrakt und bietet eine unzureichende Entscheidungsgrundlage für ein Urteil. Vielleicht gelingt es, einzelne Momente aus Fachdiskursen, Grundlagenwissen und vergangenen krisenhaften Entwicklungen herauszugreifen, um eine solidere Basis zum Urteilen über die momentane Lage zu schaffen.

Basics

  • Volkswirtschaft
  • Geld
  • Banken
  • Kredite
  • Staatsanleihen
  • Trading
  • Strukturierte Finanzprodukte
  • Regulierung

Historisch

  • Great Depression
  • Subprime-Krise
  • Charles Poor Kindleberger: Manias, Panics, and Crashes (1978)
  • Charles Poor Kindleberger: A Financial History of Western Europe (1993)

Berichterstattung

Wissenschaftliche Behandlung

Betrachtungen über Finanzmärkte

  • Karin Knorr Cetina: Global Microstructures: The Virtual Societies of Financial Markets (Jan, 2002)
    • Roger Luethi: Thoughts on "Global Microstructures: The Virtual Societies of Financial Markets" and "From pipes to scopes" (Dec,2006)
      • "This virtual society is not about information sharing at all – quite the opposite, in fact. It is about exploiting the remaining information asymmetries."
      • "[Traders] report to a supervisor, not investors. They are not shaping the business, the business is shaping them. I would suggest a more fitting label is “hired guns” [...] a neutral term for highly skilled, highly mobile professionals who are also found among lawyers and computer programmers"
      • "The authors claim that other fields do not meet their criteria [...] Many Wikipedia editors watch the same stream of recent changes exactly like traders watch the same news feeds."
  • Karin Knorr Cetina, Urs Bruegger: Traders’ Engagement with Markets: A Postsocial Relationship (Dec, 2002)
    • "the ways in which information flows and trading transactions aggregate within technological environments to form complex wholes that are perceived as lifeforms in their own right by participants"
    • "a global market entirely exteriorized and embodied on computer screens"
    • "As collective disembodied systems generated entirely in a symbolic space, these markets epitomize contemporary high technology professional culture."

Kommentare

Kommentare zum (Finanz)Markt

  • Nassim Talab: The Black Swan - The Impact of the Highly Improbable (Apr, 2007)
    • Review im Guardian (May, 2007)
    • Ansgar Siemens (Fokus.de): Finanzkrise - Sind Banker Scharlatane? ("Der Mensch werde immer nach Modellen verlangen") (Jan, 2009)
    • Elie Ayach: The Blank Swan - The End of Probability (May, 2010)
    • "[T]rue events create the possibilities that will have led to them. It is out of the question to apply probability to those events, or even to say that their probability was zero, because probability is only defined relative to a stable and well-defined universe of possibilities." (AK: and same for any definition of events)
    • Comment in the blog SimoleonSense: "Badiou is the main philosopher of the event who formalized, more than 20 years ago, all that Taleb is trying to say about Black Swans. At no point does Badiou mention probability." (Nov, 2010)